In casual conversation, speakers often stop talking before completing a sentence. Without saying the subsequent words, the speaker draws the other person’s attention to their implicit meaning. For instance, in the following examples, the implicit meaning is contained within the parenthesis. “~ kedo.” is used to soften the impact of what is said and when asking for something. “jikann ni natta kedo” / Time’s up...” (May I clear up?) “ashita nara daijoubu dakedo” / Tomorrow is okay... (Shall we go together?) “~ kara.” or “~ node.” are used for informing (someone of a) cause or reason. “hitori de iku kara / I’ll go alone...” (I don’t mind) “kinou, hanashita node” / Yesterday I told you.” (So, I won’t repeat myself). “~ ba.” with a rising intonation means a suggestion or recommendation. “Sennsei ni kiite mireba?” / Why don’t you ask the teacher? (None of us understand). “~ noni.” conveys a feeling of regret for an unexpected outcome. “minnna kureba yokatta noni” / It would have been good if everybody had come... (I’m sorry I couldn’t see them). “~ shi.” is used when making excuses to get out of something. “shukudai ha ato de yaru shi” / I’ll do the homework later... (I’ m watching TV). “~ tara.” is for expressing surprise or for blaming someone. “aitsu ttara” / Ah, him ... (what a useless guy). These phrases are used among close friends. When speaking on formal occasions or with superiors, you should say the complete sentence. This will make a good impression.
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