“kedo” is a word derived from “keredomo,” and means the same thing as “keredo” and “kedomo.” It is used in casual conversation. When it is used in a sentence, it means “shikashi,” “demo” or “ga” (all of these mean “but”). However, in cases where it is used at the end of a sentence it contains the following nuance: Softening the impact of what the speaker is saying: “jikann ni natta kedo” (It is time) implies that it is time for you to do something or go somewhere. Inquiring about someone’s intentions: “Omoshiroi eiga yatteru tte. ashita, ikeru nn dakedo” implies “issho ni ikanai?” (Why don’t you come with me?). Modesty: A) “Kimi, bennkyou ga dekiru nn datte?” (You are good at learning) B) “ichiou, toudai shusshin desu kedo” (Only to some extent. I’m a graduate of Tokyo University) implies “sore hodo no koto demo nai.” (I’m not that great.) Wishing: “hareru to ii kedo” (It would be nice if the weather cleared up) implies “ame ga furisou de shinnpai” (I’m afraid it might rain). Inserting information: A) “owaru made nannpunn kakaru?” “(How long until it’s over?) B) “45 funn kurai kana. kyou ha teinei ni tsukutteru nn dakedo” (It may be 45 minutes. I’m making it carefully today) implies “tsuujou ha, motto hayai desu” (usually I can make it more quickly). “watashi ha, korede yoi to omou kedo” (I think it’s fine this way) could imply any number of things as with the following: Modesty: “nandemo kamaimasenn” (Anything is ok). Asking for an opinion: “Anata ha dou omoimasu ka” (What do you think?). Hesitancy: “jitsu ha, docchi ga yoi ka hakkiri shinai” (Actually, it’s not clear which is better). You must guess the meaning from the situation or context. You might say this is a part of Japan’s “culture of subtlety.” If taken at face value “something something desu kedo. nani ka” (It’s like this. Any problems?) seems to take into account the opinions of others, but this actually implies that you are disregarding the feelings of others as in: “nanika monku ga arimasu ka” (Do you have any complaints?) or “warui deshou ka” (What’s wrong with it?).
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