In English, location is generally divided into the two expressions of “here” and “there.” In Japanese, location is generally divided into the three expressions “koko” (here), “soko” (there) and “asoko” (over there). English speakers take “asoko” (over there) to be an extension of “soko” (there), but in Japanese “soko” refers to a midpoint between near and far. When you point to something, you say “kore” (this), “sore” (that), or “are” (that). In addition, the words “kono~,” (this~), sono~ (that~), ano~ (that~) also indicate the location of something. Words beginning with ko, so and a are often used.
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